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Memories of  Penshaw

The Earl Of Durham Monument  (1/2)


'Pensher' Monument

Written by Paul Lanagan, Chairman of Houghton-le-Spring Heritage Society
( Published by the Houghton Star )

Press Cutting

'Pensher' Monument

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Children enjoying the wonderful views on a visit to Penshaw Monument.

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The Earl of Durham Monument - Approach from The Grey Horse
[ Thanks to Sarah Stoner ]

'Pensher' Monument

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Botanist Dr David Bellamy on a visit to Penshaw Monument, 13th April 1987.
[ Thanks to Mark Madden - above David's left elbow. ]

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Son of an Usworth Miner, the future Dr Joseph Gibson CBE - with grandparents, Jane & George Thomas Mordy - mid 1920s.
Joseph went to Washington Grammar School and became a full-time Board Member of the NCB.

[ Thanks to Joseph's son, David Gibson.   See: What's Where;  People: Gibson / Joseph or CLICK ME. ]

'Pensher' Monument

RECONSTRUCTION

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Reconstruction / Underpinning of Foundations - circa 1979.
[ Photographer: Ken Brumby.  Thanks to Son, Paul. ]

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Reconstruction / Underpinning of Foundations - circa 1979.

'Pensher' Monument

THE LOFT

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Local Historian & Author, Keith Cockerill enjoying the Wonderful Views from The Loft (walkway) - 29/08/11.
[ Thanks Keith. ]

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The Earl of Durham Monument on Penshaw Hill

Information made available by Paul Lanagan
The Monument has a Loft - two Channels - set into the Roof.  The South Channel is accessed via a spiral staircase inside a Column.
The North Channel can only be reached by climbing over one of the triangular Pediments from the South Channel.

'Pensher' Monument

THE PLACARD

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Placard on the long South Side of The Monument
[ Photo: J.G. 9 July 2018 ]

THIS STONE WAS LAID BY
THOMAS, EARL OF ZETLAND
GRAND MASTER OF THE FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS OF ENGLAND
ASSISTED BY
THE BRETHEREN OF THE PROVENCES OF DURHAM AND NORTHUMBERLAND
ON THE 28TH AUGUST 1844
BEING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF A MEMORIAL TO BE ERECTED
TO THE MEMORY OF
JOHN GEORGE EARL OF DURHAM
WHO
AFTER REPRESENTING THE COUNTY OF DURHAM IN PARLIAMENT
FOR FIFTEEN YEARS
WAS RAISED TO THE PEERAGE
AND SUBSEQUENTLY HELD THE OFFICES OF
LORD PRIVY SEAL, AMBASSADOR EXTRAORDINARY AND
MINISTER AT THE COURT OF ST. PETERSBURG AND
GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF CANADA.
HE DIED ON THE 28TH OF JULY 1840 IN THE 49TH YEAR OF HIS AGE
THE MONUMENT WILL BE ERECTED
BY THE PRIVATE SUBSCRIPTIONS OF HIS FELLOW COUNTRYMEN
ADMIRERS OF HIS DISTINGUISHED TALENTS AND
EXEMPLARY PRIVATE VIRTUES.
 
DONATED TO THE NATIONAL TRUST ON 1ST SEPTEMBER 1939

Transcript of The Placard

'Pensher' Monument

THREE AULD CHISELLERS

Graffiti - The Naughty Boys!
Historic Graffiti, 1946:  A small collection from the many names chiselled onto The Earl of Durham Monument.

L to R:  John Scott, Pat Keegan & John Sweeney - returning to the scene.
Three Washington Lads who've moved on, but won't be forgotten!

[ Thanks to John's brother, Pat Sweeney, for contributing this Photo & Poem, and to Leon Morgan for forwarding them to us. ]

PENSHAW
 
And did those Three in ancient time
Walk upon England's pastures green?
And were Keegan, Sweeney and Scott
On Penshaw's little mountain seen?
 
Then Scott did say, "I'll bring my chisel,
And with my little hammer in hand,
I'll carve our names so deep and true,
On Penshaw's Grecian Temple grand."
 
And half a century from now,
A band of weary travellers perchance may pass,
To marvel, lost in reverential awe,
Then downhill returning, to those Ancients, raise a glass.

Poem written by one of the 'Three Naughty Boys'.

The 1946 Graffiti - 2018
NOW:  P. Keegan, Sweeney & Scott, 1946
[ Photo: J.G. 9 July 2018 ]

•   •   ◊   •   •

PLEASE NOTE
Carving your name onto Public Buildings / Monuments is no longer regarded as a youthful prank.  It's a Criminal Offence!

'Pensher' Monument

VIEWS TO & FROM

Then Picture
POSTCARD

View from the Road Junction / Level Crossing at Coxgreen Station.
[ See Picture Below ]

Then Picture
VIEW FROM MONUMENT

From Coxgreen Station, follow the Road down to Coxgreen Village and the River Wear.
Note Washington Chemical Works, Empty Fields & Washington 'F' Pit Heap

[ The River Wear, hidden in the trees, runs horizontally, mid-picture. ]

View from Chemical Works
PHOTOGRAPH 1850

Washington Chemical Works to Penshaw Monument

Now Picture
VIEW FROM MONUMENT

Note the Road leading from Coxgreen Station to Coxgreen Village.
[ Photo: J.G. 7th March 2017 ]

Then Picture
FROM USWORTH STATION

View from the Level Crossing towards Washington Station.  Penshaw Monument is behind Hillthorn Farm.

Then Picture
FROM MARBLE ARCH

Diesel Multiple Unit passing Barmston Village en route from Usworth Station (left) to Washington Station (right).

Then Picture
FROM HIGH WASHINGTON FARM

High Washington Farm was situated just South of the section of Village Lane that ran past Raft Yard and Havannah Terrace.

'Pensher' Monument

VIEW FROM LORD COLLINGWOOD'S MONUMENT, TYNEMOUTH

Monument to Monument
VIEW ACROSS THE MOUTH OF THE RIVER TYNE

Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood -  Hero of Trafalgar  - looks over South Shields Town Hall to Penshaw Monument.
The Collingwood Memorial was erected in 1845.   Penshaw Monument was erected in 1844.
The Guns from Collingwood's Ship, Royal Sovereign, were added in 1849.
Herd Sand (Beach) and Herd Groyne Lighthouse (Red)

[ Photograph by Keith Cockerill, 2008. ]

Memorial Plaque
COLLINGWOOD MONUMENT PLAQUE
[ Photographer Unknown ]

'Pensher' Monument

VIEWS FROM THE RIVER WEAR

Fatfield Bridge to Monument
VIEW FROM FATFIELD BRIDGE

Looking downstream from close to the Cooperative Store / Havelock Arms.

Worm Hill to Monument
VIEW FROM WORM HILL

Fatfield Bridge and the Biddick Inn are off picture, bottom-right.
Note North Biddick Colliery Pit Heap, top-left.

Now Picture
THE APPROACH TO VICTORIA VIADUCT

After leaving Washington Station the (once double) Railway Track curves 90 degrees to cross the River Wear.  Note the Bridge Fence.
[ Photographer: Bryan Attewell - 2010 ]

Coxgreen to Monument
VIEW FROM COXGREEN FOOTBRIDGE

Photographed by Keith Cockerill, shortly after the Bridge was built in 1958.

Why 'Pensher' Monument?

This area was called Pensher years ago and most locals still pronounce it that way.

( As a former Usworth Green lad, I lived next to Pensher View! )

Very Old Road Marker
NEW
PENSHER
1867

[ Photographed and contributed by Keith Cockerill, 3rd March 2017 ]

This Roadside Stone stands near the former Cox Green Station.